This map highlights the important differences between Latin American countries, in the Multidimensional Headcount Ratio for the QoE (H – % of deprived individuals in employment quality). Mexico and countries
in Central America, excluding Panama and Costa Rica, hold higher percentages of deprived individuals. By comparison, in South America, both Uruguay and Bolivia are part of the group of most deprived countries. The countries with the lowest levels of deprived individuals are Chile, Uruguay, Brazil and Panama. As a region, Latin America holds a diverse level of socio-economic and institutional development and these results can help unpack labour market conditions that must be considered to be both instrumentally and/or intrinsically important so that workers (and their dependents) can develop their most essential functionings and capabilities.
This map presents results for the QoE Index. It brings together international data on employment conditions
in a single synthetic measure per country. The QoE Index follows Alkire and Foster’s methodology for a Multidimensional Adjusted Headcount Ratio (M0), in which we consider the joint distribution of deprivations for the employed individuals in the region. Therefore, this Index combines both the percentage of the deprived and the intensity of the deprivation. The countries with a higher level of deprivation in the region are Guatemala, Honduras and Paraguay (with QoE indices between 0.529 to 0.57). States with the lowest levels of deprivation in the region are Chile, Brazil, Panama and Uruguay (with QoE indices between 0.189 and 0.286). There are significant gaps and variation between labour conditions for working individuals, which could potentially further increase inequalities.